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NameWALBS bios - George Leake
DescriptionBiographical data and locations of George Leake from 1829-1837, as part of research into people of interest for WA Legacies of British Slavery project (ARC)
TypeOther
Content Warning
ContributorIsabel Smith
Entries5
Allow ANPS? No
Added to System2022-01-14 17:21:37
Updated in System2022-01-14 17:22:51
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Portsmouth, England

Placename
Portsmouth, England
Type
Other

Details

Latitude
50.801389
Longitude
-1.109861
Start Date
1829-03-05
End Date
1829-03-05

Description

Extended Data

Location notes
Selected location near the Portsmouth Historic Dockyard, though have not pinpointed the exact dock that the Calista departed from.
Date notes
Biographical information
George Leake was born in 1786 in England, the son of Anne Heading and Luke Leake. In 1813 he married Anne Grouse [6]. She has also been recorded as 'Anna Grownes (Growse)'. [8] They had one daughter, Ann Elizabeth. His wife Anne died in 1815. [1] He went on to marry again later in life, marrying Georgiana Mary Kingsford on 7 October 1840. [8] On 5 March 1829, Leake left for the Swan River colony aboard the Calista. [2]
Links to slavery the slave trade
Attitudes around race
Attitudes around labour
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References
[1] ADB, https://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/leake-george-2343 [2] https://passengers.history.sa.gov.au/node/1003600 [3] Jenny Chapman, Perseverando. The Leake family in the political, economic and social life of W.A. 1829-1902 [4] Jane Roberts, Two Years at Sea, London, Richard Bentley, 1834 [5] Ann Elizabeth Leake, Letter, 1830 Jan. 3 [manuscript], State Library of WA, ACC 1099A [6] SLWA 1955A/64 [7] SLWA 1955A/68 [8] The Bicentennial Dictionary of Western Australians, 'George LEAKE' [9] Heritage Council of Western Australia, Register of Heritage Places - Assessment Documentation: Henry Bull's Cottage, 6 February 1998, http://inherit.stateheritage.wa.gov.au/Admin/api/file/05586898-23ec-eee2-5ab1-8f6eddc65c7b [10] http://inherit.stateheritage.wa.gov.au/Public/Inventory/Details/22a9fb54-9ea6-4a31-b2c6-ad1058d1a5c9 [11] George Leake at Sea, Journal of Proceedings of the 1831 [12] https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/639980?searchTerm=%22bank%20of%20western%20australia%22` [13] Michael J. Bourke, 1987, On the Swan: a History of Swan District, Western Australia, UWAP for the Swan Shire Council

Sources

TLCMap ID
t799a
Created At
2022-01-14 17:22:51
Updated At
2023-11-17 15:40:00

Walyalup (Fremantle) / Derbarl Yerrigan (Swan River)

Placename
Walyalup (Fremantle) / Derbarl Yerrigan (Swan River)
Type
Other

Details

Latitude
-32.035861
Longitude
115.758806
Start Date
1829-08-05
End Date
1829-08-05

Description

Extended Data

Location notes
Date notes
Biographical information
Leake arrived on the Calista at Fremantle on 5 August 1829. Two and a half months later his mother, his daughter and his brother Luke arrived on the Atwick.
Links to slavery the slave trade
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TLCMap ID
t799b
Created At
2022-01-14 17:22:51
Updated At
2023-11-17 15:40:00

Ellen Brook

Placename
Ellen Brook
Type
Other

Details

Latitude
-31.779056
Longitude
116.000056
Start Date
1829-09-01
End Date
1829-09-01

Description

Extended Data

Location notes
We have selected this location as it is the site of Henry Bull's cottage, which sat within Leake's 15,000 acre land grant (see 'Biographical information')
Date notes
We are yet to obtain the original land grant to check the date Leake officially started occupying this land. This date is therefore an estimate.
Biographical information
Leake had considerable wealth - he came to the colony with six servants and property valued at £1,116/10/4, and so was granted nearly 15,000 acres of land. [1] He was later granted 10,000 and 20 acres. [8] A report by the Heritage Council of Western Australia explains that rather than immediately residing and working on his first 15,000 land grant, 'Swan Location 1', Leake instead lived and worked in Fremantle while newfound partner Henry Bull worked on the land: 'In July 1831, he formed a partnership with Henry Bull in which Bull would improve Leake's grant in return for half of it. In this way, Leake could ensure that the necessary improvements were made on the property within the stipulated four year period in order to gain title to the land.' [9, p 4] It was on this land that Bull built what is today known as Henry Bull's cottage. [9] In 1836 Leake and Bull dissolved their partnership, and in 1838 Leake transferred title of half the land (7443 acres) to Bull. Leake kept the southern portion for himself, including the house and the mill. [9]
Links to slavery the slave trade
Attitudes around race
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Sources

TLCMap ID
t799c
Created At
2022-01-14 17:22:51
Updated At
2023-11-17 15:40:00

Walyalup (Fremantle)

Placename
Walyalup (Fremantle)
Type
Other

Details

Latitude
-32.054056
Longitude
115.745306
Start Date
1830-01-03
End Date
1830-01-03

Description

Extended Data

Location notes
We do not know the exact location of Leake's home in Fremantle
Date notes
We do not know the exact date Leake moved to Fremantle, however an early reference is a letter written by his daughter, Ann Elizabeth, detailing the family's Fremantle home. [5]
Biographical information
A report by the Heritage Council of Western Australia states that 'He did not work his [Ellen Brook] grant himself, nor reside on it. A financial return from agricultural production could take several years to achieve, so Leake set himself up in a more profitable business, as a merchant at Fremantle.' [9, p 4] A letter written by his daughter, Ann Elizabeth Leake, to her former governess Miss Sykes on 3 January 1830 from the Swan River reads: 'I think you would laugh to see how we live here in a square place made of rushes which we have dignified with the name of house, but inside we are very comfortable, at least I think so in comparison with some of our neighbours ... There are three towns here, the one in which we live, is called Fremantle, which is composed of houses made of rushes or of wood and there are also a great many tents; it is situated at the sea-shore.' [5] The Leakes' home in Fremantle had many visitors and guests. [3] In Two Years at Sea, Jane Roberts describes the Leakes' home in Fremantle as 'the best in town' [4, p 86]
Links to slavery the slave trade
Attitudes around race
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Sources

TLCMap ID
t799d
Created At
2022-01-14 17:22:51
Updated At
2023-11-17 15:40:00

Perth

Placename
Perth
Type
Other

Details

Latitude
-31.958611
Longitude
115.854028
Start Date
1837-05-18
End Date
1837-05-18

Description

Extended Data

Location notes
Though Leake would have been in various parts of Perth regularly for different business and roles (see biographical information), we have a specific record of him being present at the Hodges Hotel on 18 May 1837. [12] According to the Bicentennial Dictionary of Western Australians, the Hodges Hotel was built 'on John Hodges' land Perth Town Lot L7, near Esplanade at foot of William St.' [8, p 1497]
Date notes
On 18 May 1837 Leake was recorded at a meeting of the Provisional Commitee and proprietors of the Bank of Western Australia. [12]
Biographical information
Leake held various roles relating to colonial administration, politics and business. He financed many colonists in the early years during financial struggle. He was one of the founders and original directors of the Bank of Western Australia, established in 1837. In 1839 he was appointed a magistrate of the territory, a chairman of the Perth Town Trust, a commissioner to act as guardian to emigrant minors sent out by the Children's Friend Society, and a member of the Legislative Council (the latter position he held until his death). He was also an early director of the Agricultural Society and chairman of the General Roads Trust. He died on 31 May 1849. [1]
Links to slavery the slave trade
Attitudes around race
Attitudes around labour
Images
Newspaper notice of Leake's presence at Bank of Western Australia meeting at Hodges Hotel, Perth: https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/639980?searchTerm=%22bank%20of%20western%20australia%22
Images notes
References

Sources

TLCMap ID
t799e
Created At
2022-01-14 17:22:51
Updated At
2023-11-17 15:40:00
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